Pests To Look Out for in Early Fall

Pests To Look Out for in Early Fall

As the season transition and the vibrant colors of fall emerge, it is crucial for North Carolina residents to remain vigilant and informed about the potential threats that accompany this time of year. From invasive insects to disease-carrying mosquitoes, the presence of pests can disrupt the harmony of our homes and communities.

In light of this, the purpose of this essay is to inform readers about the pests to look out for in North Carolina this fall. By shedding light on the destructive brown marmorated stink bug, as well as other problematic pests, this article aims to empower individuals to take proactive measures in safeguarding their homes and communities. 

Understanding the risks posed by these pests is the first step towards effective pest management and ensuring a safe and healthy environment. 

Pests That May Bother You This Fall

1. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The brown marmorated stink bug has become a growing concern in the state. These stink bugs can damage a wide range of crops, including apples, peaches, and soybeans, by piercing the fruits and sucking out their juices.

This bug is an invasive insect species that has garnered significant attention due to its destructive nature and rapid spread across various regions. Originating from Asia, this pest has become a major nuisance and threat to agriculture, horticulture, and residential areas in North America and Europe. 

According to Ogburn et al. (2016), the BMSB is known for its remarkable ability to adapt and thrive in diverse environments, making it a formidable invader. This insect has a wide host range, feeding on over 300 different plant species, including fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The BMSB's invasive success can be attributed to its capacity for rapid reproduction, high dispersal ability, and resistance to natural enemies. 

Furthermore, the BMSB's aggregative behavior during the winter months allows it to seek shelter in large numbers, making it challenging to control effectively. The economic impact of the BMSB invasion is substantial, as it causes significant crop damage and requires costly management strategies. Therefore, understanding the biology and behavior of the BMSB is crucial for developing effective control measures and mitigating its invasive impact on agriculture and ecosystems. 

2. Asian Longhorned Beetle

The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) is a highly invasive insect species that poses significant dangers to both the environment and the economy. This introduction will discuss the invasive nature of the ALB, the economic and ecological impacts of its infestation, and the strategies and measures employed to prevent and control its spread. 

By understanding the severity of the threat posed by the ALB and implementing effective prevention and control measures, we can mitigate the potential damage caused by this destructive pest.

The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an invasive species that poses a significant threat to forests and urban trees in many parts of the world. Originating from Asia, specifically China and Korea, this beetle has made its way to North America and Europe through international trade and transportation. The invasive nature of the Asian longhorned beetle can be attributed to several factors. 

Firstly, it has a wide host range, attacking a variety of deciduous trees such as maple, birch, and willow. This adaptability allows the beetle to establish populations in diverse habitats, increasing its potential for spread and impact (Javal et al.).

 Secondly, the beetle has no natural predators or parasites in its newly invaded habitats, which further enhances its ability to establish and proliferate. This lack of natural enemies contributes to the rapid expansion of the beetle populations, resulting in the destruction of thousands of trees. 

Additionally, the Asian long-horned beetle's larvae bore into trees, causing extensive damage to their structural integrity. Infested trees often die as a result of this damage, leading to significant economic losses and ecological disruptions. 

3. Brown Recluse Spider

The Brown Recluse spider is a venomous arachnid that is primarily found in the central and southern regions of the United States. This spider is known for its distinct habitat, appearance, and behavior. According to Sandidge and Hopwood (2005), Brown Recluse spiders prefer to inhabit dark and undisturbed areas such as attics, basements, and closets. 

They are commonly found in homes, barns, and other structures where they can easily hide and remain undetected. In terms of appearance, Brown Recluse spiders are typically light to medium brown in color with a characteristic violin-shaped marking on their cephalothorax. 

As for their behavior, these spiders are known to be shy and non-aggressive. They prefer to avoid human contact and will typically only bite if they feel threatened or trapped. If you are attempting to identify these six-legged pests, here are a few signs to look for:

  • Brown recluse spiders are typically small, measuring about 6 to 20 millimeters in body length.
  • They have a characteristic violin-shaped marking on their cephalothorax, with the neck of the violin pointing toward the abdomen. This marking is a key characteristic for identifying brown recluse spiders.
  • These spiders have six eyes arranged in pairs, as opposed to the eight eyes found in most spiders. This unique eye arrangement, known as a diadem pattern, is another distinguishing feature of brown recluse spiders. 

Their bites, although rare, can cause significant tissue damage and may result in a necrotic lesion. Understanding the habitat, appearance, and behavior of Brown Recluse spiders is crucial for individuals living in areas where these spiders are prevalent, as it can help prevent potential encounters and minimize the risk of bites (Sandidge and Hopwood).

Watch Out For These Bugs & Spiders!

These are some bugs and spiders you do not want to mess with. From annoyance to real danger, these critters cause a whole host of problems for North Carolinians. As you prepare for fall, make sure to be on the lookout for these pests. 

If you encounter them in your home and yard, do not freak out. There are many solutions to the presence of pests and lots of trained professionals to walk you through your options. The team at Rid-a-Bug is trained to deal with these exact problems. 

You can also check out our website to learn about spiders common in North Carolina, and how to deal with them. If you encounter bugs or unwanted spiders, reach out to us for support and say goodbye to your pest problem!